Schizophrenia is a mental disorder featured by perceptual perceptions of reality, a situation in which the individual responds in ways that pose serious problems in their social interaction.
This alteration of reality occurs with disturbances in thought, emotion, speech and psychomotor.
Thought: disturbances in the content of thought in the form of delusions. There may also be a relaxation of the association of ideas, while in its most serious form the patient cannot think in a coordinated way and his speech is confused.
Perception: the most distinctive disturbances of perception are hallucinations and especially acoustics (eg, various sounds, voices heard by the patient, one or more, which take the form of a dialogue or commands, which can be dangerous for both the schizophrenic as for the rest of the social environment). Visual, olfactory and tasteful hallucinations occur less frequently.
Feeling: blurred or flat feeling or inappropriate. Also, depression often occurs.
Will: disturbance of will manifests itself as insufficient interest or inability to follow a series of actions which greatly hampers the ability to work and more generally to function productively.
In schizophrenia, a variety of motor disorders can occur. Cataracting and catatonic stimulation are the most intense symptoms while patient activity usually varies between two extreme conditions.
Dealing with schizophrenia
Treatment of the patient may involve two major dimensions of psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic intervention.
At the Clinic of Galini we daily design and apply therapeutic programs combining both dimensions to help our patients regain their lost functionality and psychological integrity and health.
Psychopharmacological: personalized medication adapted to the activities of the individual depression with a view to maintaining the patient’s functionality.
Psychotherapeutic: The type of psychotherapy which is appropriate for schizophrenic patients is individual and group psychotherapy. The patient is helped daily through psychotherapies to understand and confront the nature of his illness and its consequences in his life to adapt as well as possible to the demands of social life. Therapy aims to explain the symptoms and consequences of schizophrenia, the mode of action and the side effects of drugs and how to deal with interpersonal problems.